As of 2020, more than 17 million housing units had heating pumps installed. Heating pumps are getting more and more popular these days.

If you have a heating pump at home, however, you may be wondering how it all works. A condenser is an essential part of a heat pump, and understanding what it is can help you maintain it properly.

In this quick guide, we’ll tell you what you need to know about heat pumps.

What Is a Heat Pump Condenser? 

A condenser is an outdoor component of a heat pump. It works with the compressor to function as both a heating and air unit, based on the time of the year.

The condenser is a crucial part of a heat pump and other HVAC systems. It works to convert the air that’s outside into hot or cold air that is transferred inside.

Heat pumps and air conditioners are very similar. However, a heat pump can both heat and cool a home and in both cases, a condenser is an essential part of the process.

How Does It Work?

When part of a heat pump, a condenser can serve to transfer heat from the outside air into the home or convert it into cold air through a process known as refrigeration.

A condenser will feature two different coils. When cooling, one of these will help to bring in warm air from outside of your home while the other will release cool air into the home.

The compressor is in between these two coils and helps circulate the refrigerant. A compressor compresses refrigerant and then turns it into hot gas while moving it to the coil.

When cooling, the hot gas that’s brought in is cooled at the condenser and transformed into a warm liquid. It then goes through the evaporator coil where it will expand and cool. The refrigerant absorbs heat and cools down the air before being passed into the home.

When heating, the hot gas goes directly from the compressor to the evaporator and then enters the home. 

Heat Pump Vs Furnace

Although a heat pump with a condenser can be useful for many homes, there are times when furnaces are the better choice.

Both heating options can work to provide heat to a home but they have some differences. While furnaces burn oil or gas, heat pumps use electricity and will draw in air from outside and transfer it inside.

Heat pumps can both heat and cool a home and are incredibly efficient. However, furnaces can be a great choice if you have access to a natural gas line and can create its own source of heat.

A furnace is usually a better choice in areas where winters get particularly cold. However, in Franklin, a heat pump is a great choice since winters are mild when compared to other parts of the country.

Maintaining Your Heat Pump Condenser

If you have a heat pump in your home, it can be helpful to know what a heat pump condenser is. The condenser is an essential component and helps to both heat and cool your home, so you need to be sure to keep it well-maintained.

Looking for an HVAC company in Franklin, TN? Contact us today to learn more about our HVAC service options.